How many tea tribes are there in Assam?

How many tea tribes are there in Assam?

Pando, one of the three members of a panel set up by the Assam government to write an ethnographic report on the community, Among the 96 ethnic groups who are officially listed as ‘Tea-tribes’ in Assam, nearly 40 are recognised as “Tribals” or Scheduled Tribes (ST) in other parts of India while the “non-tribals” among …

How many types of tribes are there in Assam?

There are around 14 recognised Plain Tribe communities, 15 Hills Tribe communities & 16 recognised Scheduled Caste communities in Assam: Chandan Brahma.

How many Adivasi members are there in Assam?

Present Day Contribution to Assam Society Adivasis now constitute about 20 percent of Assam’s population of approximately 3.12 crore (30 million) people.

What are the tribes of Assam called?

Diverse tribes like Bodo, Kachari, Karbi, Miri, Mishimi, Rabha, etc co-exist in Assam; most tribes have their own languages though Assamese is the principal language of the state. A majority of the Assamese are Vaishnavas (a sect of Hinduism).

Which tribe is largest in Assam?

Of the tribes found in Assam, the largest are the Garo, the Kachari, the Khasi, the Lushai and the Mikir.

Which is the largest tea garden in Assam?

Monabarie Tea Estate
Monabarie Tea Estate at Biswanath District of Assam is Asia’s Largest Tea Estate. The tea estate is owned by the McLeod Russel India Limited, a part of Williamson Magor Group.

Which is the biggest tribe in Assam?

How many numbers of plain tribes are there in Assam?

Currently, 14 tribes enjoy ST status in the ‘plain areas’ of Assam — Barmans in Cachar, Boro, Deori, Hojai, Kachari, Sonowal, Lalung, Mech, Mising, Rabha, Dimasa, Singpho, Khamti and Garo.

How many St communitys are there in Assam?

Assam is mainly divided into two categories, STs (Plains) and STs (Hills) and 16 Scheduled Caste (SC) communities. There are 14 Plains STs and 15 Hills STs as of February 2019.

What is the meaning of tribe in Assamese?

Tribe. উপ-জনজাতি Up-janajati. noun.

What is the main tribe of Assam?

Bodo tribe also known as Boro are the dominant group in Bodoland. They speak the Bodo language.

Who is oldest tribe of Assam?

The Dimasa are one of the oldest inhabitants of the Northeast India and one of the many Kachari tribes, living mostly in Dima Hasao in Assam, they are also met in several other districts of Assam, as well as in Nagaland and Manipur.

Why are the Tea tribes of Assam demanding Scheduled Tribe status?

The tea tribes form a distinct population of Assam and are demanding Scheduled Tribe status from the state. The politicisation and assertion of identity and ethnicity by the tea tribes to counter the unequal distribution of power and resources in present-day Assam has unleashed social and political tensions.

Who are the tea garden tribes in Assam?

Of this, it is estimated that more than 11 lakh work in the state’s 800-odd tea gardens and are, thus, called the tea garden tribe (Kalita 2015). In Assam, these Adivasi tea tribes are not recognised as STs as they are not indigenous to the state.

Who was the first person to discover Assam tea?

‘Tea’: A Contribution of Indigenous Tribes people of Assam The introduction of the Assam tea bush to the world is attributed to Robert Bruce, a Scottish adventurer, who in 1823 first noticed tea plant growing ‘wild’ in Assam. Bruce reportedly found the plant while trading in the region.

What are the names of the tribes in Assam?

The tribes that settled and reside in the hill districts are called the “hill tribes” whereas the tribes that settled in the plain areas of Brahmaputra Valley are called the “plain tribes.” The hill tribes are mainly Karbi and Dimasa, and the plain tribes are majorly the Bodos, Mising, Rabha, Tiwa, and Deori.