What did the Gacaca courts do?

What did the Gacaca courts do?

The solution was gacaca: a system of 12,000 community-based courts that sought to try genocide criminals while promoting forgiveness by victims, ownership of guilt by criminals, and reconciliation in communities as a way to move forward.

What are some issues with the Gacaca courts?

“One of the serious shortcomings of gacaca has been its failure to provide justice to all victims of serious crimes committed in 1994”, Bekele said. “By removing RPF crimes from their jurisdiction, the government limited the potential of the gacaca courts to foster long-term reconciliation in Rwanda.”

When did gacaca end?

They were set to end in late 2007, but the deadline was repeatedly extended over the following three years. In mid-July 2010, the government announced that the last gacaca trials in the country had been completed.

When did the gacaca start?

The Gacaca judicial system, a revamped version of a traditional form of justice, was launched in 2002 on an exploratory basis to speed up trials of genocide suspects charged in conventional courts. Almost 11 years after the genocide, the backlog of suspects awaiting trial in conventional courts remains enormous.

What are the goals of transitional justice?

The long-term goals of transitional justice measures are to promote peace, democracy, and reconciliation, with the idea that these conditions help to prevent the systematic or massive violation of human rights. Transitional justice today is a diverse and vibrant field.

How long did gacaca courts last?

10 years
Rwanda’s community courts, known as gacaca, have finished their work, after 10 years of trying those accused of involvement in the 1994 genocide. The courts were set up to speed up the prosecution of hundreds of thousands of genocide suspects awaiting trial.

Who wrote the bahutu manifesto?

The document was conceived by nine Hutu intellectuals : Maximilien Niyonzima , Grégoire Kayibanda , Claver Ndahayo , Isidore Nzeyimana , Calliope Mulindaha , Godefroy Sentama , Munyambonera Sylvestre , Joseph Sibomana and Jouvenal Habyarimana.

What are the 4 pillars of transitional justice?

The four pillars of transitional justice as defined by the United Nations and taught to civil society in Burundi through the FONAREC/JT program comprise: prosecution initiatives, truth-seeking processes, reparations programs and institutional reform.

What are the principles of transitional justice?

In general, therefore, one can identify eight broad objectives that transitional justice aims to serve: establishing the truth, providing victims a public platform, holding perpetrators accountable, strengthening the rule of law, providing victims with compensation, effectuating institutional reform, promoting …

What was the goal of UNAMIR?

The principal functions of UNAMIR would be to assist in ensuring the security of the capital city of Kigali; monitor the ceasefire agreement, including establishment of an expanded demilitarized zone (DMZ) and demobilization procedures; monitor the security situation during the final period of the transitional …

What did UN do in Rwanda?

In the power vacuum created by his death, Rwanda’s Hutu political elite launched a long-planned campaign of genocide. As the mass killings began, the U.N. ordered its blue helmeted troops to evacuate foreigners – but not intervene to save the Tutsis from slaughter.