What happened in the 1920 Haiyuan earthquake?
It struck in the evening of the 16th of December in the rural district of Haiyuan near Inner Mongolia, leading to the deaths of more than 200,000 people and to severe destruction over an area of 20,000 square kilometers. …
How many people died in the Haiyuan China earthquake?
One of the world’s most destructive earthquakes. Total destruction (XII – the maximum intensity on the Mercalli scale) in the Lijunbu-Haiyuan-Ganyanchi area. Over 73,000 people were killed in Haiyuan County.
Which two plates was the Gansu China earthquake?
The quake was caused by the collision of the Indian-Australian and Eurasian plates along the 155-mile- (249-km-) long Longmenshan Fault, a thrust fault in which the stresses produced by the northward-moving Indian-Australian plate shifted a portion of the Plateau of Tibet eastward.
Was there ever a XII earthquake?
The 1939 Erzincan earthquake struck eastern Turkey at 1:57:23 a.m. on 27 December local time with a moment magnitude of 7.8Mw and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XII (Extreme). This was one of the largest in a sequence of violent shocks to affect Turkey along the North Anatolian Fault between 1939 and 1999.
What caused the Haiyuan earthquake to happen?
It is generally accepted that this earthquake, which occurred on 16 December 1920, killed at least 234,000 people. It has previously been suggested that perhaps 100,000 of these fatalities were caused by large landslides in loess deposits.
What damage did the Haiyuan earthquake Cause?
Within 125 miles (200 km) dozens of villages and all homes in the cities of Longde and Huining were destroyed; more than 70% of structures in 14 counties collapsed. Some 675 major landslides occurred, including one that obliterated the village of Sujiahe in Xiji County.
What caused the Haiyuan earthquake?
Was there ever a 12 on the Mercalli scale?
Total destruction (XII – the maximum intensity on the Mercalli scale) in the Lijunbu-Haiyuan-Ganyanchi area. Over 73,000 people were killed in Haiyuan County.
What tectonic plates caused the Haiyuan earthquake?
The epicenter of the earthquake was located in the Haiyuan County. This is where the earthquake actually began. The tectonic plates involved in this earthquake were the Eurasian Plate and the Indian Plate.
How did the Aleppo earthquake happen?
On Oct. 10, 1138, a small shock shook the region, and some residents fled to surrounding towns. The main quake occurred the following day. As the city walls crumbled, rocks cascaded into the streets.
What is the range of Mercalli scale?
The Mercalli scale uses values from I to XII, and the Richter scale’s values range from 2.0 to 10.0. The Richter scale is used much more often around the world than the Mercalli scale, which mainly relies on eyewitness accounts of loss and destruction.
What was the name of the landslide in China in 1920?
The Gansu Kansu China Landslide and Earthquake of 1920 This landslides was triggered by an earthquake but it was no enough to greatly effect the people directly.
Where was the most famous landslide in the Soviet Union?
This landslide occurred in the region of Kait in Tajikistan, at that time a part of the Soviet Union. Like many landslides it was triggered by a an earthquake , but the landslide itself proved to be lethal. It took the lives of over 28,000 people and buried 33 villages.
Where was the epicenter of the 1920 Haiyuan earthquake?
Yet, there was one major event which might go unmentioned: the massive earthquake that struck Gansu on December 16. The catastrophe, known as the 1920 Haiyuan Earthquake, occurred at 7.06pm local time, with the epicenter located in Haiyuan, then a county in Gansu, but now a part of the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.
What was the major event in China in 1920?
When recapping the major events that took place in China in 1920, many would probably first think of the country’s ongoing warlord period, and the struggle against foreign powers. Yet, there was one major event which might go unmentioned: the massive earthquake that struck Gansu on December 16.