What is a caisson?

What is a caisson?

In geotechnical engineering, a caisson (/ˈkeɪsən/ or /ˈkeɪsɒn/; borrowed from French caisson, from Italian cassone, meaning large box, an augmentative of cassa) is a watertight retaining structure used, for example, to work on the foundations of a bridge pier, for the construction of a concrete dam, or for the repair …

What does caisson mean in construction?

caisson, in engineering, boxlike structure used in construction work underwater or as a foundation. It is usually rectangular or circular in plan and may be tens of metres in diameter. The dredging wells can then be filled with concrete to complete the structure.

What’s the meaning of caparison?

caparison. / (kəˈpærɪsən) / noun. a decorated covering for a horse or other animal, esp (formerly) for a warhorse. rich or elaborate clothing and ornaments.

What is a caisson in a funeral?

Caisson is a horse drawn wagon or cart. The two caissons used at the Cemetery are from the WWI time period circa 1918-1919. Originally the caisson was used to bring artillery onto the battlefield. Once the artillery was off-loaded, the caisson was loaded with bodies of fallen service members.

Why are caissons used?

Caisson foundation is Most often used in the construction of bridge piers & other structures that require foundation beneath rivers & other bodies of water. This is because caissons can be floated to the job site and sunk into place.

What is the difference between a pile and a caisson?

Pile foundation is a type of deep foundation, in which the loads are taken to a low level by means of vertical timber, concrete or steel. Caisson is putting a box into underwater and pouring it with concrete.

What is a caisson wall?

Caisson (or secant) walls consist of drilled holes filled with concrete that form continuous arrays of interlocking shafts, periodically reinforced with vertical steel piles.

What is a caparison used for?

A caparison is a cloth covering laid over a horse or other animal for protection and decoration. In modern times, they are used mainly in parades and for historical reenactments.

What is a Bedizen?

bedizen \bih-DYE-zun\ verb. : to dress or adorn gaudily. Examples: The children entertained themselves for hours with the contents of the old trunk, donning fancy dresses and bedizening themselves with jewelry and scarves.

Why are caissons used in funerals?

A funeral caisson [pronounced kay-sen or kay-sahn] is a two-wheel, horse-drawn cart or wagon originally used to transport ammunition during military battles and, when necessary, to transport the wounded or dead from the battlefield.

Which is the best dictionary definition of caisson?

Define caisson. caisson synonyms, caisson pronunciation, caisson translation, English dictionary definition of caisson. n. 1. A watertight structure within which construction work is carried on under water.

Which is the best definition of a cassion?

A large box open at the top and one side, designed to fit against the side of a ship and used to repair damaged hulls under water. Also called cofferdam. 4. A floating structure used to close off the entrance to a dock or canal lock.

Is the caisson a horse or a horse?

— Elliot Ackerman, Time, 10 Oct. 2019 His coffin was loaded on a caisson, a riderless horse trailing behind, just like that day with my daughter.

What’s the job of a caisson in the military?

— Jon Murray, The Denver Post, 27 Sep. 2019 As was one of the first soldiers to arrive, his job was to deploy concrete caissons that would form a temporary harbor to help soldiers rapidly load cargo onto the beach.