What is a OBO ship?

What is a OBO ship?

An OBO vessel (ore/bulk/oil) is a vessel which can carry cargo in both liquid and dry form, and a typical use is alternation between transportation of crude oil and coal. A vessel of this type is also known as a PROBO (product/ore/bulk/oil) carrier or a combination carrier.

Which of the following is a main concern of OBO vessels?

The biggest problem related to OBO’s and bulk carriers, is the movement of the cargo in the hold, so-called sloshing, which may cause transverse displacement of the centre of gravity, tilting and instability of the vessel. Tankers may have piping located in the cargo tanks.

What ships carry mineral oil?

Oil tankers are special tank ships to transport raw oil.

Can bulk Carrier carry oil?

OBO Carriers: Ore-Bulk-Oil Carriers have holds such arranged that they can carry ore, solid dry bulk, and oil in the same voyage, without interference between each cargo type.

Whats the meaning of Obo?

or best offer
or best offer: used in advertisements to show that you will accept slightly less than the price you are asking.

What are precautions after loading grain cargo on ships?

What are Precautions while loading Grain Cargo on ships?

  • Get cargo information from the shipper.
  • Calculate the stability criteria complies with the requirement of International grain code.
  • Planning, calculation and loading to be made for ship’s stability at all stages of loading.
  • Clean cargo holds for loading grain.

What are the precautions you take when you are loading iron ore?

What are precautions while loading and carrying iron ore on ships…

  • The shipper’s test certificate should be presented before loading, be sound and no more than seven days old.
  • Iron ores are heavy cargoes which occupy a small area for a large weight, i.e they have a low stowage factor (between 0.240.80 m3/tonne).

What do cargo ships usually carry?

General cargo vessels carry packaged items like chemicals, foods, furniture, machinery, motor- and military vehicles, footwear, garments, etc. Container ships (sometimes spelled containerships) are cargo ships that carry all of their load in truck-size intermodal containers, in a technique called containerization.

What do general cargo ships carry?

General cargo ships transport mainly cargo, goods, and materials from one port to another. A bulk carrier, such as a bulker or dry bulker, is a type of merchant ship that is used to transport large amounts of unpackaged bulk cargo, such as iron ore, coal, cereal, salt, aluminum, and copper ore.

What does a bulk carrier carry?

A bulk carrier, bulker is a merchant ship specially designed to transport unpackaged bulk cargo, such as grains, coal, ore, steel coils and cement, in its cargo holds.

What is the difference between oil tanker and bulk carrier?

Smaller tankers usually used to supply bunkers and lube oils to the bigger vessels at anchorages. The vessels that carry gas also called as tankers….Tankers:

Structural Feature Bulk Carrier Oil Tanker
Cargo Hold openings Large cargo hold openings Small opening to enter cargo hold