What is Batson venous plexus?

What is Batson venous plexus?

Batson venous plexus, also known as Batson veins, are a network of paravertebral veins with no valves that connect thoracic vessels and deep pelvic veins draining the bladder, prostate, and rectum to the internal vertebral venous plexus 1.

Where is Batson venous plexus?

The Batson venous plexus (Batson veins) is a network of valveless veins in the human body that connect the deep pelvic veins and thoracic veins (draining the inferior end of the urinary bladder, breast and prostate) to the internal vertebral venous plexuses.

What drains into pterygoid plexus?

In addition, the inferior ophthalmic vein and deep facial vein also drain into the pterygoid plexus. The plexus itself drains via the short maxillary vein before it forms the retromandibular vein. Emissary veins also anastomose between the plexus and the cavernous sinus, via the foramina ovale and lacerum.

Where does prostatic venous plexus drain?

internal iliac veins
The receipt of blood from the vesical and prostatic rami connect the prostatic plexus to the vesical plexus and internal pudendal vein. The prostatic plexus then drains into the vesical and internal iliac veins.

What is the clinical significance of this spinal valveless plexus?

Today, the VVP is considered part of the cere- brospinal venous system, which is regarded as a unique, large-capacitance, valveless plexiform venous network in which flow is bidirectional that plays an important role in the regulation of intracranial pressure with changes in posture and in venous outflow from the brain …

What veins contribute to the pterygoid venous plexus?

The venous drainage is as follows: the superficial temporal vein to the maxillary and retromandibular veins, the posterior auricular vein to the posterior retromandibular and external jugular veins, the maxillary vein to the superficial temporal and retromandibular vein, and draining veins (external acoustic meatus) to …

What is the venous drainage of the prostate?

The prostatic venous plexus is a network of small veins that surrounds and drains the prostate gland of the male pelvis. The prostatic plexus also receives the deep dorsal vein of penis as a tributary, that drains the venous blood from the deep structures of the penis.

What is the prostatic plexus?

The prostatic plexus is a relatively large bundle of nerves that arises from the inferior (lower) portion of the pelvic plexus, a bundle of nerves, located on either side of the rectum. It is located in the prostate’s fascial shell, a layer of connective tissue.

What are venous plexus foot pumps used for?

The pump is used to prevent deep vein thromboses (DVTs) in patients at high risk because of a previous history of DVTs, hypercoagulable states, or prolonged bedrest.