What is the global education reform movement?

What is the global education reform movement?

Global Educational Reform Movement (GERM) is a common name to a set of education policies that aim at governing education systems using commercial and market principles.

What does germ stand for in education?

Global Educational Reform Movement
So visible is this common way of improvement that I call it the Global Educational Reform Movement or GERM. It is like an epidemic that spreads and infects education systems through a virus. It travels with pundits, media and politicians. Education systems borrow policies from others and get infected.

What did the Reform movement teach?

The reform movements that arose during the antebellum period in America focused on specific issues: temperance, abolishing imprisonment for debt, pacifism, antislavery, abolishing capital punishment, amelioration of prison conditions (with prison’s purpose reconceived as rehabilitation rather than punishment), the …

What does Illich argue about the role of education?

In Deschooling Society Ivan Illich argued that a good education system should have three purposes: to provide all that want to learn with access to resources at any time in their lives; make it possible for all who want to share knowledge etc. to find those who want to learn it from them; and to create opportunities …

What impact did the reform movement have?

The greatest success of the Reformers was the Reform Act 1832. It gave the rising urban middle classes more political power, while sharply reducing the power of the low-population districts controlled by rich families.

What was the main objective of the reform era?

Government reform A main objective of the Progressive Era movement was to eliminate corruption within the government. They made it a point to also focus on family, education, and many other important aspects that still are enforced today.

What is education by Ivan Illich?

University of Florence
University of SalzburgPontifical Gregorian University
Ivan Illich/Education

Where does the germ education movement take place?

GERM has emerged since the 1980s and has increasingly become adopted as a educational reform orthodoxy within many education systems throughout the world, including in the U.S., England, Australia and some transition countries.

What did Pasi Sahlberg mean by global education reform movement?

It is several years since Pasi Sahlberg used the term Global Education Reform Movement, or GERM, to describe the emergence of a new global orthodoxy in education policy. The acronym-as-analogy worked perfectly to describe a phenomenon that Sahlberg identi-

How is the global educational reform movement promoted?

Tellingly, GERM is often promoted through the interests of international development agencies and private enterprises through their interventions in national education reforms and policy formulation.

Is there a global education reform movement in Finland?

It is also essential to emphasize that although Finland has been called ‘a model pupil’ in listening to the policy advice from the international organizations, especially the OECD and the European Union, the Finnish education system has remained quite uninfected to viruses of what is often called the global education reform movement or GERM.