What two quotes did Locke create?
John Locke Famous Quotes
- “Being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions.”
- “Reading furnishes the mind only with materials of knowledge; it is thinking that makes what we read ours.”
What is John Locke saying in the Second Treatise?
The Second Treatise of Government places sovereignty into the hands of the people. Locke’s fundamental argument is that people are equal and invested with natural rights in a state of nature in which they live free from outside rule.
What were the main ideas of John Locke’s Two Treatise of Government?
In political theory, or political philosophy, John Locke refuted the theory of the divine right of kings and argued that all persons are endowed with natural rights to life, liberty, and property and that rulers who fail to protect those rights may be removed by the people, by force if necessary.
What problem does Locke try to address in Chapter 5 of Second Treatise on Government?
Chapter 5: Of Property For individual property to exist, there must be a means for individuals to appropriate the things around them. Locke starts out with the idea of the property of person–each person owns his or her own body, and all the labor that they perform with the body.
What was Locke’s quote?
Top 10 John Locke Quotes
- No man’s knowledge here can go beyond his experience.
- Every man has a property in his own person.
- The only fence against the world is a thorough knowledge of it.
- Our incomes are like our shoes; if too small, they gall and pinch us; but if too large, they cause us to stumble and to trip.
What was Locke’s phrase?
Among these fundamental natural rights, Locke said, are “life, liberty, and property.” Locke believed that the most basic human law of nature is the preservation of mankind. To serve that purpose, he reasoned, individuals have both a right and a duty to preserve their own lives.
What was the purpose of the Second Treatise?
The Treatises were written with this specific aim–to defend the Glorious Revolution. Locke also sought to refute the pro-Absolutist theories of Sir Robert Filmer, which he and his Whig associates felt were getting far too popular.
What does Locke say?
What is the purpose of the two treatises of government?
John Locke was a well known political philosopher from the 17th century initially responsible for many modern political ideas and his most well known and influential work was his Two Treatises on Government, a piece of political philosophy intended to push forward the ideas of contract theory and natural rights.
What is the main purpose of government according to John Locke?
According to Locke, the main purpose of government is to protect those natural rights that the individual cannot effectively protect in a state of nature.
What did John Locke say the people were entitled to do if the government took away their natural rights?
But, Locke concluded, if a government persecutes its people with “a long train of abuses” over an extended period, the people have the right to resist that government, alter or abolish it, and create a new political system. Jefferson adopted John Locke’s theory of natural rights to provide a reason for revolution.
What did John Locke say in two treatises of government?
John Locke – Two Treatises of Government (1689) The state of nature has a law of nature to govern it, which obliges every one: and reason, which is that law, teaches all mankind, who will but consult it, that being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions.
What are some quotes from the Second Treatise of government?
“Being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions.” “Men being, as has been said, by nature, all free, equal and independent, no one can be put out of this estate, and subjected to the political power of another, without his own consent.”
What did John Locke mean by ” freedom of nature “?
“A liberty to follow my own will in all things where that rule prescribes not, not to be subject to the inconstant, uncertain, unknown, arbitrary will of another man, as freedom of nature is to be under no other restraint but the law of Nature.” ― John Locke, Second Treatise of Government 4 likes
What did John Locke think about the social contract?
Locke wrote alongside his contemporary, Thomas Hobbes, about this theory of the social contract. The social contract is the idea that when a People are dissatisfied with its state of nature, they will agree to transfer some of their rights to a government, while retaining some rights.