What was the architectural style of the 1930s?
The Art Deco style with its smoothly finished wall surfaces and distinctive ornamentation of chevrons, zigzags and other geometrical motifs, led to the development of a new, more streamlined, less ornamented style of architecture, the Moderne style of the 1930s.
Who is the father of modernism in architecture?
Louis Sullivan, in full Louis Henry Sullivan, (born September 3, 1856, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.—died April 14, 1924, Chicago, Illinois), American architect, regarded as the spiritual father of modern American architecture and identified with the aesthetics of early skyscraper design.
Who started modernism architecture?
In Britain, the term Modern Movement has been used to describe the rigorous modernist designs of the 1930s to the early 1960s. Walter Gropius and Le Corbusier were the pioneers of the movement, with the latter having a profound impact on the design of many public housing schemes in Britain.
What style homes were built in the 1930s?
Craftsman house style first emerged in the US – and particularly in Southern California – at the very start of the 1900s and continued in popularity until the 1930s.
What influenced modernism?
Among the factors that shaped modernism were the development of modern industrial societies and the rapid growth of cities, followed by the horror of World War I. Modernist ideals pervaded art, architecture, literature, religious faith, philosophy, social organization, activities of daily life, and even the sciences.
Where does modernism inspiration in architecture occur?
By the mid-1950s, modernism had evolved, inspired by the work of Le Corbusier, into what was termed the New Brutalism, with its emphasis on rigid lines and harsh concrete forms.
Who is the father of Renaissance architecture?
Brunelleschi, Filippo. (b Florence, 1377; d Florence, 16 April 1446). Italian architect and sculptor. He is traditionally regarded as the father of Renaissance architecture, who, in the words of Vasari, ‘was sent by Heaven to invest architecture with new forms, after it had wandered astray for many centuries’.
Who was a gangster during the Great Depression?
John Dillinger was a gangster and bank robber during the Great Depression. He was a very famous criminal whom the media delighted in writing about, usually in a sensational manner.
When was the rise of modernism in architecture?
The rise of modernism in architecture is between the 1920s and 1950s. However, its origins go back to the Enlightenment and expansions to the high-tech. Thus, its history can be divided into three periods, as early, modern, and late, at which the most famous mottos of architecture were coined.
What was the style of Architecture in the 1920s?
The novelty of daily news from faraway lands that began during the war made the world seem a bit smaller, kindling an appreciation for the architecture of foreign cultures. Spanish Revival style began in the 1920s.
Who was the founder of the modern style of architecture?
Otto Wagner, in Vienna, was another pioneer of the new style. In his book Moderne Architektur (1895) he had called for a more rationalist style of architecture, based on “modern life”.