Which nerve is affected in supracondylar fracture?

Which nerve is affected in supracondylar fracture?

The anterior interosseous nerve is most commonly affected by the initial injury, however ulnar nerve palsy is the most common post-operative complication.

What are the complications of supracondylar fracture of humerus?

The complication of supracondylar fractures can be divided into early and late. Early complications include vascular injury, nerve injury and compartment syndrome. Late complications include malunion and stiffness. Vascular injury is reported between 2-38 % in Gartland type III.

Is a supracondylar fracture intra articular?

Fractures of the elbow include extra-articular and intra-articular fractures. Extra-articular fractures include intercondylar fractures, supracondylar fractures, epicondylar fractures, and condyle fractures. Intra-articular fractures include trochlea and capitellum, radial head, and proximal ulnar fractures.

What is a supracondylar fracture of the humerus?

Your child’s humerus is fractured (broken) near the elbow area, just above the joint. This is called a supracondylar (supra CON dy ler) humerus fracture. It is the most common type of elbow fracture and happens most often to children younger than 8 years old.

Which of the following nerves is most likely to be injured in a supracondylar humerus fracture?

The mostly commonly injured nerve is the median nerve (specifically, the anterior interosseous portion of the median nerve). Injuries to the ulnar and radial nerves are less common.

Which nerve is involved in fracture neck humerus?

A fracture in this area is most likely to cause damage to the axillary nerve and posterior circumflex humeral artery.

What are the complication of fracture?

Complications. Blood vessel damage Nerve damage Pulmonary embolism Fat embolism Compartment syndrome Infections Joint problems Uneven limbs Problems with healing Osteonecrosis.

How do you treat a supracondylar fracture?

A supracondylar fracture is typically treated by putting a splint or cast around your elbow and then using a sling to keep it in position. Other treatments include ice and medications to relieve pain and swelling. Surgical or nonsurgical.

What is an intra-articular fracture?

An intraarticular fracture is a fracture that crosses a joint surface. Such fractures also involve some cartilage damage. Fractures to joints are more complicated to treat and heal than simple fractures, as multiple bones are involved.

What is intra-articular humerus fracture?

Intra-articular fractures of the distal humerus are complex injuries that can considerably limit elbow function if not treated appropriately. Surgical management is indicated for most intra-articular distal humerus fractures with the goal of restoring elbow range of motion and function.

What happens in a supracondylar fracture?

This type of fracture occurs in the humerus. This is the thick bone connecting your elbow to your shoulder. The fracture occurs near the elbow just above the joint.

What is a Supracondylar bone fracture?

A supracondylar fracture is a break to the lower part of this bone, close to the elbow. It is one of the most common fractures we see, especially in younger children. This injury occurs most often with what we call a FOOSH (fall onto an out-stretched hand).

What are the types of supracondylar humerus fractures?

There is an intervening thin area of bone connecting the olecranon fossa and coronoid fossa, which is the location of most supracondylar humerus fractures. Type 1 – nondisplaced. Type 2 – angulation present but a posterior bony hinge remains intact. Type 3 – complete displacement with no bony hinge.

How old does a child have to be to have a supracondylar fracture?

Supracondylar Fractures are one of the most common traumatic fractures seen in children and most commonly occur in children 5-7 years of age from a fall on an outstretched hand. Diagnosis can be made with plain radiographs.

What is the diagnosis of a humeral shaft fracture?

Summary Humeral shaft fractures are common fractures of the diaphysis of the humerus, which may be associated with radial nerve injury. Diagnosis is made with orthogonal radiographs of the humerus. Treatment can be nonoperative or operative depending on location of fracture, fracture morphology, and association with other ipsilateral injuries.

What kind of radiographs show a displaced supracondylar fracture?

Radiographs of the elbow show a displaced supracondylar fracture. Radiographs of the wrist show an extra-articular distal radius fracture with 25 degrees of dorsal angulation. This injury is most appropriately treated with which of the following?