# How do you describe Bland-Altman results?

## How do you describe Bland-Altman results?

The Bland–Altman plot is a method for comparing two measurements of the same variable. If the points on the Bland–Altman plot are scattered all over the place, above and below zero, then it suggests that there is no consistent bias of one approach versus the other.

### What does a Bland-Altman plot tell you?

Bland–Altman plots allow identification of any systematic difference between the measurements (i.e., fixed bias) or possible outliers. The mean difference is the estimated bias, and the SD of the differences measures the random fluctuations around this mean.

How do you calculate Bland-Altman limits of agreement?

The Bland–Altman method calculates the mean difference between two methods of measurement (the ‘bias’), and 95% limits of agreement as the mean difference (2 sd) [or more precisely (1.96 sd)]. It is expected that the 95% limits include 95% of differences between the two measurement methods.

How do you do Bland-Altman analysis?

1. A Bland-Altman plot compares two assay methods.
2. Create a new table.
3. Enter the measurements from the first method into column A and for the other method into column B.
4. Designate the columns with the data (usually A and B), and choose how to plot the data.
5. The Bland-Altman analysis creates two pages of results.

## How do you read a 95% limit of contract?

The 95 percent ‘limits of agreement’ is calculated as the mean of the two values, minus and plus 1.96 standard deviations. This 95 percent limits of agreement should contain the difference between the two measuring systems for 95 percent of future measurement pairs.

### What does large limits of agreement mean?

Limits of agreement estimate the interval within which a proportion of the differences between measurements lie. When one of the methods is a reference method, the limits of agreement can be used as a measure of the total error of a measurement procedure (Krouwer, 2002) . …

Why is Bland Altman better than correlation?

Correlation analysis may lead to incorrect or debated results in comparison of two measurement methods. The Bland-Altman analysis is a simple and accurate way to quantify agreement between two variables and may help clinicians to compare a new measurement method against another one or a reference standard.

How do you interpret a repeatability coefficient?

The CR is the value below which the absolute differences between two measurements would lie with 0.95 probability [16,17]. It is calculated by multiplying the within-subject standard deviation (SW) or the Standard Error of Measurement (SEM) by 2.77 (√ 2 times 1.96). Thus, CR = 2.77Sw [2,11,17].

## How do you calculate the limit of a contract?

### How do you measure agreement between two measurements?

When two instruments or techniques are used to measure the same variable on a continuous scale, the Bland–Altman plots can be used to estimate agreement. This plot is a scatter plot of the difference between the two measurements (Y-axis) against the average of the two measurements (X-axis).

How do you make a Bland Altman plot?

How to Create a Bland-Altman Plot in Excel

1. Step 1: Create the Data.
2. Step 2: Calculate the Difference in Measurements.
3. Step 3: Calculate the Average Difference & Confidence Interval.
4. Step 4: Create the Bland-Altman Plot.

How do you calculate 95% limits of a contract?