What are some complications that can occur when injuring the vertebrae?

What are some complications that can occur when injuring the vertebrae?

Spinal Cord Injury—Local Complications

  • Syringomyelia.
  • Neuropathic joint arthropathy (or Charcot joint arthropathy)
  • Spasticity.
  • Cardiovascular.
  • Autonomic dysreflexia.
  • Respiratory.
  • Other systemic complications of traumatic spinal cord injury include:
  • Continued Care Is Key to Managing Complications After Spinal Cord Injury.

What are the possible complications after a procedure of the spine?

While your surgeon will explain the possible risks of your specific back or neck treatment, this article describes potential general complications of spine surgery: anesthesia, bleeding, blood clots, dural tear, infection, lung problems, and persistent pain.

What is the most common complication of prone positioning?

Cardiovascular collapse, arrest. As mentioned above, prone position during surgery is associated with reduced stroke volume, cardiac index, raised central venous pressure and low blood pressure. This, when combined with other factors, is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular collapse and arrest.

What possible complications may occur from autonomic dysreflexia?

If left untreated, autonomic dysreflexia can cause seizures, retinal hemorrhage, pulmonary edema, renal insufficiency, myocardial infarction, cerebral hemorrhage, and, ultimately, death. Complications associated with autonomic dysreflexia result directly from sustained, severe peripheral hypertension.

What are the complications of spinal injury?

Medical Complications in Spinal Cord Injury

  • 1 Introduction.
  • 2 Autonomic Dysfunction. 2.1 Spinal Shock.
  • 3 Cardiovascular Dysfunction. 3.1 Deep Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism.
  • 4 Respiratory Dysfunction.
  • 5 Gastrointestinal Dysfunction.
  • 6 Urological Dysfunction.
  • 7 Sexual Dysfunction.
  • 8 Bone Metabolism Dysfunction.

What is the most common complication of spinal cord injury?

Frequent complications of cervical and high thoracic SCI are neurogenic shock, bradyarrhythmias, hypotension, ectopic beats, abnormal temperature control and disturbance of sweating, vasodilatation and autonomic dysreflexia.

What can go wrong after spinal fusion?

Well known problems after spinal fusion include failure of the bone healing, a condition called pseudarthrosis. Pseudarthrosis may lead to spinal instability with broken screws, rods, or vertebral fractures.

What are the risks of Proning?

Though the benefits of its use likely far outweigh the risks, placing patients with ARDS in prone position may put them at risk for complications, including pressure injuries of the skin and soft tissues, displaced intravenous access, and endotracheal tube obstruction.

Which of the following is a cause of autonomic dysreflexia?

The most common cause of autonomic dysreflexia (AD) is spinal cord injury. The nervous system of people with AD over-responds to the types of stimulation that do not bother healthy people.

What are the signs and symptoms of autonomic dysreflexia?

Spinal Cord Injury: Autonomic Dysreflexia

  • A pounding headache.
  • A flushed face and/or red blotches on the skin above the level of spinal injury.
  • Sweating above the level of spinal injury.
  • Nasal stuffiness.
  • Nausea.
  • A slow heart rate (bradycardia).
  • Goose bumps below the level of spinal injury.