What do you mean by transhumant?

What do you mean by transhumant?

: seasonal movement of livestock (such as sheep) between mountain and lowland pastures either under the care of herders or in company with the owners.

What is transhumant pastoralism?

Transhumance, form of pastoralism or nomadism organized around the migration of livestock between mountain pastures in warm seasons and lower altitudes the rest of the year. Most peoples who practice transhumance also engage in some form of crop cultivation, and there is usually some kind of permanent settlement.

What are pastoralists?

Pastoralism is a subsistence strategy dependent on the herding of animals, particularly sheep, goats and cattle, although there are pastoralists who herd reindeer, horses, yak, camel, and llamas. Some pastoralists forage for food while others do small-scale farming to supplement their diet.

What are the two types of transhumance?

Firstly, they constitute a set of natural (non-forest vegetation) and anthropogenic (traditional shepherding buildings) objects.

What do you mean by transhumance Class 12?

The process of migration from plain areas to pastures on mountains during summers and again from mountain pastures to plain areas during winters is known as transhumance.

What do you mean by transhumance Class 11?

Option A, ‘seasonal movement of people with their livestock’ is termed as transhumance where people seasonally move, i.e. in winters they move to valleys and in summers to mountains or mid altitudes. Transhumance is Latin word and comes from French where ‘trans’ means across and ‘humus’ means ground.

What is the primary difference between nomadic and transhumant pastoralism?

The main difference between transhumance and nomadic pastoralism is that transhumance has a fixed or predictable pattern of movement, whereas nomadic pastoralism has an irregular pattern of movement. Pastoralism basically refers to herding or tending livestock as the primary occupation.

What is transhumant farming?

Transhumance farming is a particular way of farming in which farm families relocate during the course of the year. It is widespread throughout the world and can be found in several alpine countries (Jeschke 2012).

Who are pastoralists Class 9?

Pastoralism is a way of keeping animals such as cattle, sheep, that involves moving from one place to another to find water and food. Nomads are people who do not live in one place but move from one area to another to earn their living. Mainly pastoral communities are found in mountainous regions.

What are pastoralists in history?

Pastoralism refers to a stage in the development of civilization between hunting and agriculture and also to a way of life dependent on the herding of livestock, specifically, ungulates. In the Steppes near Kiev, where the wild horse roamed, pastoralists used their knowledge of cattle herding to domesticate the horse.

What are some examples of transhumance?


  • Transhumance in Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, France.
  • Moving sheep up along a road in the Massif Central, France.
  • Romanian and Vlachs transhumance in Balkans.
  • Vlach shepherd in Banat.
  • Transhumance in Toblach, South Tyrol.
  • Main transhumance routes in Spain.
  • Herd of horses on summer mountain pasture in the Pyrenees.

Which of the following is an example of transhumance?

There’s still a few examples of transhumance in the states, primarily in the southwest and pacific northwest. A good example is James Ranch in Colorado. The James Ranch cowboys drive their cow herd through fresh mountain pastures on leased land.

Which is the best definition of the word transhumance?

Definition of transhumance : seasonal movement of livestock (such as sheep) between mountain and lowland pastures either under the care of herders or in company with the owners Other Words from transhumance Example Sentences Learn More About transhumance Other Words from transhumance

Where are transhumance practices found in the world?

Transhumance practices are found in temperate areas, above ~1000 m in the Himalaya–Hindu Kush area (referred to below as Himalaya); and the cold semi-arid zone north of the Himalaya, through the Tibetan Plateau and northern China to the Eurasian Steppe.

Why is transhumance important to a pastoralist society?

It is often important to pastoralist societies, as the dairy products of transhumance flocks and herds ( milk, butter, yogurt and cheese) may form much of the diet of such populations.

Is the transhumance system still in use in Wales?

This system of transhumance has generally not been practised for almost a century; it continued in Snowdonia after it ceased elsewhere in Wales, and remnants of the practice can still be found in rural farming communities in the region to this day.