What does Nietzsche say about tragedy?
Nietzsche argues that the tragedy of Ancient Greece was the highest form of art due to its mixture of both Apollonian and Dionysian elements into one seamless whole, allowing the spectator to experience the full spectrum of the human condition.
Did Nietzsche read Baudelaire?
Nietzsche read in 1883 Paul Bourget’s Essais de psychologie contemporaine, from which he borrowed the French term décadence. In a letter of 26 February 1888 to Peter Gast, Nietzsche mentions his reading of the posthumous works of Charles Baudelaire (published in 1887).
Where was the birth of tragedy written?
It was first published in January 1872 by E. W. Fritsch, in Leipzig,[Pg xxii] under the title The Birth of Tragedy out of the Spirit of Music. Later on the title was changed to The Birth of Tragedy, or Hellenism and Pessimism.
What does Nietzsche mean by chorus?
Their speech was often far more poetic and difficult to understand than that of the actors. Nietzsche argues that the chorus embodies the soul of music that is the life-blood of tragedy.
What is the tragic worldview?
APOCALYPTIC THINKING is an aspect of what has been termed “the tragic worldview”: a cognitive framework that stands for the human’s ability to reflect on life’s finitude, coupled with the human’s inability to come to terms with this finitude.
What does Nietzsche mean by primordial unity?
For the audience of such drama, this tragedy allows them to sense what Nietzsche called the Primordial Unity, which revives Dionysian nature. He describes primordial unity as the increase of strength, the experience of fullness and plenitude bestowed by frenzy.
Did Nietzsche ever read Marx?
Nietzsche and Marx were at war (not a personal one, needless to say; there is no indication that Nietzsche ever read Marx, and Marx and Engels, for their part, wrote the Communist Manifesto when Nietzsche was four years old). Nietzsche’s atheism as such could therefore hardly have produced such a shock.
Did Nietzsche read Emerson?
Nietzsche was an avid reader of Emerson’s essays, and their influence is discernible from his earliest philosophical writings through to his final philosophical works.
When was the birth of tragedy written?
The Birth of Tragedy, in full The Birth of Tragedy from the Spirit of Music, book by German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, first published in 1872 as Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik.
Who wrote Birth of tragedy?
The Birth of Tragedy/Authors
What did Nietzsche mean by Dionysian?
Dionysus is the Greek god of wine and music, and Nietzsche identifies the Dionysian as a frenzy of self-forgetting in which the self gives way to a primal unity where individuals are at one with others and with nature. Both the Apollonian and the Dionysian are necessary in the creation of art.
What is Nietzsche’s Apollonianism?
According to Nietzsche, the Apollonian attributes are reason, culture, harmony, and restraint. These are opposed to the Dionysian characteristics of excess, irrationality, lack of discipline, and unbridled passion.