What impact did John Locke have on the Enlightenment?
The English philosopher and political theorist John Locke (1632-1704) laid much of the groundwork for the Enlightenment and made central contributions to the development of liberalism. Trained in medicine, he was a key advocate of the empirical approaches of the Scientific Revolution.
What led to the Enlightenment?
Causes. On the surface, the most apparent cause of the Enlightenment was the Thirty Years’ War. This horribly destructive war, which lasted from 16, compelled German writers to pen harsh criticisms regarding the ideas of nationalism and warfare.
Why did Locke kill himself?
Upon returning to the outside world, Locke, now under the alias Jeremy Bentham, unsuccessfully attempted to convince those who had left the island to return to it. Depressed after failing his mission, he attempted to commit suicide, only to be stopped by Ben right before being strangled to death by him.
What religion did John Locke believe in?
Religious beliefs. Some scholars have seen Locke’s political convictions as being based from his religious beliefs. Locke’s religious trajectory began in Calvinist trinitarianism, but by the time of the Reflections (1695) Locke was advocating not just Socinian views on tolerance but also Socinian Christology.
Does Locke believe in reason?
Locke offers his philosophy as a way to use reason, a shared human capacity, to decide how much credibility a person should give to the claims people make.
Why is Locke important to psychology?
John Locke (1632-1704) was a philosopher whose ideas were early precursors to many important psychological concepts. Locke believed that the experience that occurred in the early childhood years was the most important and influential on a person. He stressed the importance of rewards and punishments in social learning.