What is the climate near the equator in Africa?
Africa, with the equator cutting across its center, is the world’s most tropical continent. The center of the continent has a wet tropical climate, with extremely heavy rainfall. To the north and south are belts of tropical climate with a dry season.
What climate is close to the equator?
The climate region near the equator with warm air masses is known as tropical. In the tropical zone, the average temperature in the coldest month is 18 °C. This is warmer than the average temperature of the warmest month in the polar zone.
What are the 4 major climate zones of Africa?
Nov 30, · Sub-Saharan Africa has four climate zones: desert, semiarid or Sahel, savanna (grasslands), and tropical forests.
What are the climatic regions of Africa?
These are the hot desert, semiarid, tropical wet-and-dry, equatorial (tropical wet), Mediterranean, humid subtropical marine, warm temperate upland, and mountain regions. Camel caravan in the Sahara, Morocco.
What are the 3 climate zones of West Africa?
West African domain divided into three climatic zones: Guinea (4°N–8°N), Savanna (8°N–11°N), and Sahel (11°N–16°N) (source: [49, 50]).
How many climates does Africa have?
Using the findings of the earlier sections, it is possible to identify eight important climatic zones in Africa: (1) Tropical wet; (2) Tropical, short dry spell; (3) Tropical, long dry spell; (4) Tropical desert; (5) Tropical highland; (6) Subtropical desert; (7) Subtropical, summer rain; and (8) Subtropical, winter …
Is the equator hot or cold?
Ultimately, the temperature in an area depends on the amount of the Sun’s energy reaching the surface in that area. The amount of solar energy in a given area is greater at the equator than in an equal area at the poles, which is why the equator temperature is warmer than the polar temperatures.
What are the four climate zones in West Africa?
The Köppen-Geiger climate zones of West Africa (Kottek et al., 2006), which occur in latitudinal strata as shown in Figure 1 are:-the equatorial monsoon zone, equatorial winter zone, 5 arid steppe zone and arid desert zone.
Does Africa have 4 seasons?
Instead of Summer, Autumn, Winter and Spring, most countries in East Africa and Southern Africa have a wet season(s) and a dry season. The wet season, in particular, is at different times of the year, depending on the country/region.
What are the 8 climate regions in Africa?
What are the 4 major climate regions?
There are 4 major climate zones:
- Tropical zone from 0°–23.5°(between the tropics)
- Subtropics from 23.5°–40°
- Temperate zone from 40°–60°
- Cold zone from 60°–90°
Where is the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone located in Nigeria?
Because of its location just north of the equator, Nigeria’s climate is characterized by the hot and wet conditions associated with the movement of the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) north and south of the equator. This is easily seen in the normal monthly rainfall for two cities, Kano and Lagos, separated by 500 miles (800 km ).
Are there any cities that are near the equator?
Cities on Or Near the Equator. Some of the cities that are near the equator include Bogota, Singapore, and Nairobi.
What are the countries that run through the equator?
Equatorial Countries. The Equator runs through 11 countries, of which seven are countries in Africa, three in South America, and one in Asia. These countries include Brazil, Colombia, Kenya, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gabon, Ecuador, Indonesia, the Republic of the Congo, Somalia, and Sao Tome and Principe.
Why is Nigeria located north of the equator?
Because of its location just north of the equator, Nigeria’s climate is characterized by the hot and wet conditions associated with the movement of the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) north and south of the equator.