What is the ECJ and what does it do?

What is the ECJ and what does it do?

Formally known as the Court of Justice of the European Union, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) is the judicial authority of the EU, ruling on member states’ compliance with EU treaties, interpreting EU law and deciding on the legality of EU institutions’ actions.

What does ECJ stand for?

European Court of Justice

Court of Justice
Emblem of the Court of Justice of the European Union
Court of Justice headquarters
Established 1952
Jurisdiction European Union and Northern Ireland

How do you read EU cases?

All EU cases are identified by a number/year figure. Cases before the Court of Justice are preceded by a C-, while cases decided before the General Court are preceded by a T-( for the French ‘Tribunal’). 7 The Civil Service Tribunal prefixed its cases with an F-( for the French ‘Fonction publique’).

How are cases normally heard in the ECJ?

The ECJ can hear cases from the national courts through the ‘preliminary ruling’ system. This involves a national court referring a question on the interpretation of EU law to the ECJ. These cases ask the court to decide whether the member state is in breach of its obligations to the EU.

What does the European Court of Auditors do?

As the EU’s independent external auditor, the European Court of Auditors (ECA) looks after the interests of EU taxpayers. It does not have legal powers, but works to improve the European Commission’s management of the EU budget and reports on EU finances.

How does the European Court of Justice work?

Composition The ECJ consists of 28 judges, one from each of the Member States. Judges are appointed by the common consent of the governments of the Member States and serve for a term of six years, which may be renewed. The opinions of the Advocates-General are not binding on the ECJ, but they are often influential.

Is the UK still under the ECJ?

In the UK, the ECJ had been called a foreign court in the Brexit debate. However, the term comes from Switzerland. The notion of a foreign court was used to refer to an international court that includes judges from other states.

What is the difference between Cjeu and ECJ?

Composition. The CJEU consists of two major courts: the Court of Justice, informally known as European Court of Justice (ECJ), which hears applications from national courts for preliminary rulings, annulment and appeals.

How do you cite EU law cases?

EU cases

  1. Judgments of the European Court of Justice and Court of First Instance:
  2. Give the case registration number in roman and then the name of the case in italics, with no punctuation between them.
  3. case number | case name | [year] | report abbreviation | first page.

How do you reference Ecli?

If there is no report citation, or the case is unreported, use the ECLI on its own. See the examples: Case with a report law citation: Case C-176/03 Commission v Council EU:C:2005:542, [2005] ECR I-7879.

Who can take a case to the ECJ?

Who can bring a case to the Court? The Convention makes a distinction between two types of application: individual applications lodged by any person, group of individuals, company or NGO having a complaint about a violation of their rights, and inter-State applications brought by one State against another.

What control does the Court of Auditors exercise?

The Court of Auditors (ECA) was established in 1977 on the initiative of the European Parliament. Since then, it has assisted Parliament and the Council in exercising their role of controlling the implementation of the budget.

What was the ECJ case on seal products?

The case concerned the European Parliament and Council Regulation No. 1007/2009 on trade in seal products [vii].

What was the decision of the European Court of Justice?

The European Court Of Justice’s Decisions And Their Implications On The “Real Seat” Doctrine. A. The “Centros” Decision Of The Ecj It is accepted that in the Centros case, the Court of Justice created its first elemental decision on freedom of establishment in the EU area.

What was the decision of the ECJ in uberseering?

Until the Uberseering decision of the ECJ in Germany it was not possible to have a legal capacity of suing or to be sued for companies which were not established in accordance with the rules offered by German company law. Uberseering was a Dutch company and incorporated in Netherlands.

Why was the German Supreme Court sent to the ECJ?

The German Supreme Court sent the case to the ECJ to take the answers of two questions: Whether bringing a claim by a company that is formed in another Member State is against to the freedom of establishment of companies guaranteed by the Articles 43 and 48 of the EC treaty when the company loses its capacity to bring a claim.