What is the third and fourth generation of computer?
Answer: The period of third generation was from 1965-1971 where Fourth Generation of computers was between 1971 – 1980. The computers of third generation used Integrated Circuits (ICs) whereas fourth generation computers used the VLSI technology or the Very Large Scale Integrated (VLSI) circuits technology.
Which generation of computer used micro?
These computers are called microcomputers. 5-Fifth Generation Computer was introduced in 1990s . The speed is extremely high and it can perform parallel processing. The concept of Artificial intelligence has been introduced to allow the computer to take its own decision.
What is microprocessor in fourth generation?
The fourth generation computers was developed using microprocessor. The microprocessor is a silicon chip contains millions of transistors that was designed using LSI and VLSI technology. The fourth generation computers used LSI (Large Scale Integration) and VLSI (Very Large Scale Integration) technology.
What is the 3rd generation of computer?
The third generation of computer is marked by the use of Integrated Circuits (IC’s) in place of transistors. A single I.C has many transistors, resistors and capacitors along with the associated circuitry. The I.C was invented by Jack Kilby. This development made computers smaller in size, reliable and efficient.
What does 3rd and 4th generation mean?
The 3rd generation tests look for antibodies (the body’s immune response), 4th generation tests look for both antigens (proteins from the virus itself) as well as antibodies.
What are the differences between 3rd generation and 4th generation of computer?
third generation of computer are larger than fourth generation. they are slower than fourth generation. IC chips were used whereas in fourth generation microprocessor were used. fourth generation consumed less electricity than third generation.
Where are microcomputers used?
Such microcomputer systems are also called microcontrollers and they are used in many everyday household goods such as personal computers, digital watches, microwave ovens, digital TV sets, TV remote control units (CUs), cookers, hi-fi equipment, CD players, personal computers, fridges, etc.
What is the first micro computer?
The first microcomputer was the Micral, released in 1973 by Réalisation d’Études Électroniques (R2E). Based on the Intel 8008, it was the first non-kit computer based on a microprocessor. In 1974, the Intel 8008-based MCM/70 microcomputer was released by Micro Computer Machines Inc.
What is microprocessor?
microprocessor, any of a type of miniature electronic device that contains the arithmetic, logic, and control circuitry necessary to perform the functions of a digital computer’s central processing unit. The production of inexpensive microprocessors enabled computer engineers to develop microcomputers.
What is microprocessor and its generation?
Microprocessor History and Its Generations. A microprocessor is also known as a central processing unit in which numbers of peripherals’ are fabricated on a single chip. It has ALU (arithmetic and logic unit), a control unit, registers, bus systems, and a clock to perform computational tasks.
What is the second and third generation of computer?
A transistor computer, now often called a second generation computer, is a computer which uses discrete transistors instead of vacuum tubes. These machines remained the mainstream design into the late 1960s, when integrated circuits started appearing and led to the third generation computer.
What is the importance of third generation computer?
Advantages of Third Generation Computer Smaller in size as compared to previous generations. More reliable. Used less energy. Better speed and could calculate data in nanoseconds.
When did the fourth generation of computers come out?
1971- 1980 – Computers that use a microprocessor to process data. The fourth generation computers emerged with development of the VLSI (Very Large Scale Integration).With the help of VLSI technology microprocessor came into existence.
What was the third generation of microprocessors?
Owing to their super fast speed, they were costly as they were based on NMOS technology fabrication. 3rd Generation: During this period 16-bit processors were created and designed using HMOS technology. From 1979 to 1980, INTEL 8086/80186/80286 and Motorola 68000 and 68010 were developed.
Which is an example of a 3rd generation computer?
Computers/Advancements PDP-8, PDP-11, ICL 2900, IBM 360 and IBM 370 are the examples of third generation computers 4th Generation 1971- 1980 – Computers that use a microprocessor to process data.
What did IC mean in the third generation of computers?
IC is a single component containing a number of transistors. Transistors were miniaturized and placed on silicon chips, called semiconductors, which drastically increased the speed and efficiency of computers. Keyboards and monitors developed during the period of third generation of computers.