What were the challenging issues newborn Pakistan State had to face?

What were the challenging issues newborn Pakistan State had to face?

Pakistan faces major health challenges with high population growth, fertility and mortality rates; malnutrition among children and women of reproductive age; and low levels of antenatal care and health facility birth (Box 1).

Why is Mother and child health Important?

Improving the well-being of mothers, infants, and children is an important public health goal for the United States. Their well-being determines the health of the next generation and can help predict future public health challenges for families, communities, and the health care system.

What are the components of mother and child health?

These components are: 1) family planning and reproductive health services, 2) maternal, newborn, and child health services;а3) health communications;а4) health commodities and supplies;аand 5) health systems strengthening.

How can we improve maternal and child health?

11 ideas to improve maternal health in areas of conflict and extreme poverty

  1. 1 | Empower women.
  2. 2 | Kit out refugee camps.
  3. 3| Go mobile.
  4. 4 | Use an integrated approach.
  5. 5 | Provide access to contraception and safe abortions.
  6. 6 | Make responses context-specific.
  7. 7 | Get men involved.
  8. 8 | Go back to basics.

What are the major causes of childhood mortality in Pakistan?

Common factors associated with child mortality were fever, diarrhoea and pneumonia, while among stillbirths, intrapartum asphyxia, unexplained antepartum and antepartum maternal disorders were most frequent.

What are the major interventions that are saving millions of neonatal infant child and adolescent lives each year?

Access to basic lifesaving interventions such as skilled delivery at birth, postnatal care, breastfeeding and adequate nutrition, vaccinations, and treatment for common childhood diseases can save many young lives.

Why is children’s health important?

Children’s health, or pediatrics, focuses on the well-being of children from conception through adolescence. It is vitally concerned with all aspects of children’s growth and development and with the unique opportunity that each child has to achieve their full potential as a healthy adult.

Why is it important to improve maternal health?

Improving maternal health is key to saving the lives of more than half a million women who die as a result of complications from pregnancy and childbirth each year. Heavy workloads, combined with poor diets and frequent pregnancies, severely weaken women’s health.

What are the main components of maternal health services?

All essential Antenatal examinations, check up, Hemoglobin, Urine, Routine Blood Sugar, Malaria, HIV, Blood grouping etc essential laboratory services is also ensured, even if required USG services also been provided to all pregnant women.

What are the components of antenatal care?

Women who attended ANC were asked if they received the following seven components of ANC at least once: 1) blood pressure measurement, 2) provision of a blood sample, 3) provision of a urine sample, 4) tetanus vaccination, 5) IPTp including number of times, 6) deworming treatment, and 7) iron-folic acid supplements.

Why should we improve maternal health?

How can maternal and child care help the community?

Community-wide prevention programs extend beyond the clinical setting, such as injury prevention, family violence prevention, or prevention of environmental toxic effects (i.e., lead). Care that involves the family may help to ensure that children have adequate access to preventive health services.

How is mother and Child Health in Pakistan?

Pakistan’s health indicators reflect a poor state of mother and child health, writes Dr Nadia Agha, who argues that rural women’s health crises must be addressed to ensure a liveable environment for new mothers and their babies.

How does UNICEF support the Government of Pakistan?

UNICEF supports the government through its technical expertise and multi-sectoral work in Pakistan. Through our work, we help the most disadvantaged mothers, newborns and children to benefit from integrated health interventions and adoption of better healthcare practices/behaviours to help the children survive and thrive.

How is maternal and newborn health in Sindh?

Although antenatal care should continue through the entire pregnancy, many women in rural areas of Sindh remain deprived of this: about 19% women do not receive any antenatal care. The ratio of deliveries by skilled birth attendants is the major indicator to asses maternal and newborn health.

How is the health system in Pakistan improving?

The good news is, we know what works to save children’s lives. 25 percent of child deaths can be prevented with vaccinations and many more can be saved through quality maternal and newborn health care. Routine immunisation coverage in Pakistan has improved since 2012-13 from 54% to 66% in 2017-18 but there is still a long way to go.