Which is the best definition of the word democracy?

Which is the best definition of the word democracy?

noun, plural de·moc·ra·cies. government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system. government by the people or their elected representatives

How is the justification of democracy related to the authority of democracy?

It is important to distinguish views concerning the justification of democracy from views concerning the authority of democracy, which we examine in section 3 . Attempts to establish democratic authority identify values or reasons in virtue of which subjects have a duty to obey democratic decisions.

What are the different types of Democracies?

Types of democracies are classified according to various distinguishing features, including constitutional democracy, democratic socialism, Jeffersonian democracy, liberal democracy, parliamentary democracy, or presidential democracy, to name a few.

What are the basic principles of a democracy?

Democracy rests upon the principles of majority rule and individual rights. Democracies guard against all-powerful central gov- ernments and decentralize govern- ment to regional and local levels, understanding that all levels of government must be as accessible and responsive to the people as possible.

The word democracy most often refers to a form of government in which people choose leaders by voting. What is a democratic system of government?

What are the human rights of a democracy?

Human Rights: Along with their constitutionally enumerated rights freedoms, democracies protect the human rights of all citizens. In this context, human rights are those rights considered inherent to all human beings, regardless of nationality, sex, national or ethnic origin, color, religion, language, or any other considerations.

How does a country call itself a democracy?

Some people assert that a country calling itself a democracy must be engaged in direct (or pure) democracy, in which the people of a state or region vote directly for policies, rather than elect representatives who make choices on their behalf.

What is the meaning of the word stipule?

stip·​ule | ˈsti-(ˌ)pyül . : either of a pair of small, usually leaflike appendages borne at the base of the petiole in many plants.

What is the difference between a republic and a democracy?

However, both democracy and republic have more than a single meaning, and one of the definitions we provide for democracy closely resembles the definition of republic given above: “a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving

Which is an example of an institution in a democracy?

Institutions include courts, political parties, government bureaucracies, schools, unions, professional organizations, industries, and other organizations through which large groups of individuals collectively influence the lives and opinions of citizens and the choices of leaders.

Which is an example of a pluralist democracy?

In this context, the pluralist democracy assumes that the government and the society as a whole benefit from a diversity of viewpoints. Examples of pluralist democracy can be seen in the impact special interest groups, such as the National Organization for Women, have had on American politics.

Who was the first president to define democracy?

U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, in his famed 1863 Gettysburg Address may have best-defined democracy as a “…government of the people, by the people, for the people…” Semantically, the term democracy comes from the Greek words for “people” (dēmos) and “rule” (karatos).

How is democracy a system of competition for power?

I. Democracy as a Political System of Competition for Power Democracy is a means for the people to choose their leaders and to hold their leaders accountable for their policies and their conduct in office. The people decide who will represent them in parliament, and who will head the government at the national and local levels.

How does the rule of law work in a democracy?

Democracy is a system of rule by laws, not by individuals. In a democracy, the rule of law protects the rights of citizens, maintains order, and limits the power of government. All citizens are equal under the law. No one may be discriminated against on the basis of their race, religion, ethnic group, or gender.

Why is democracy inferior to monarchy and oligarchy?

Plato ( Republic, Book VI) argues that democracy is inferior to various forms of monarchy, aristocracy and even oligarchy on the grounds that democracy tends to undermine the expertise necessary to properly governed societies.

What makes a company a democracy or a democracy?

In a democracy, every citizen should have the right to vote. The company is not a democracy; decisions are made by a board of directors, not the workers. There is democracy within the company. Indeed, these efforts aim to engineer volatility to undermine democracy itself.

A political system that allows the citizens to participate in political decision‐making, or to elect representatives to government bodies. From: democracy in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology »

Which is one of the functions of a democracies?

Democracies understand that oneof their prime functions is to pro-tect such basic human rights asfreedom of speech and religion;the right to equal protection underlaw; and the opportunity to organ-ize and participate fully in thepolitical, economic, and culturallife of society.

What are the rights of citizens in a democracy?

In a democratic setting citizens have the right to be informed of public issues and how they affect them. They have the right to express their opinions and interests openly. They also have the right to know how their political leaders and representatives use their constitutional powers.

How are people represented in a democracies?

While democracies come in several forms, they all feature competitive elections, freedom of expression, and protection of individual civil liberties and human rights. In most democracies, the needs and wishes of the people are represented by elected lawmakers who are charged with writing and voting on laws and setting policy.

How is the epistemic reliability of democracy explained?

The most prominent explanation for democracy’s epistemic reliability rests on Condorcet’s Jury Theorem (CJT), a mathematical theorem developed by eighteenth-century mathematician the Marquis de Condorcet that builds on the so-called “law of large numbers”.

Where did the idea of democracy come from?

However, the main idea of democracy is widely accepted to have originated from Athens in the 5thcentury BC. The Webster New Encyclopaedic Dictionary (1995) defines democracy as a government in which supreme power is invested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through representation.

What is the meaning of the word Zwiefach?

The first documented usage of the word Zwiefach was in 1780. It loosely translates as “two times” or “double”. Although this may be indicative of the two different time signatures, it is believed that the title refers to the couple being tightly wound against each other, a departure from earlier traditions.

What kind of dance is a Zwiefacher?

The Zwiefacher (German pronunciation: [ˈtsviːfaxɐ]) is a southern German folk dance with a quick tempo and changing beat patterns.

How does the government work in a democracy?

The people decide who will represent them in parliament, and who will head the government at the national and local levels. They do so by choosing between competing parties in regular, free and fair elections.

What to do when you hear the word democracy?

Begin by asking students to brainstorm words or phrases they associate with the word democracy. What comes to mind when they hear the word democracy? Students can record their ideas in their notebooks. Next, pass out the reading What Is Democracy? .

Which is a characteristic of a well functioning democracy?

Legal equality, political freedom and rule of law are often identified as foundational characteristics for a well-functioning democracy.

What are the different types of Democracies in the world?

In practice, democracy takes many different forms. Along with the two most common types of democracies—direct and representative—variants such as participatory, liberal, parliamentary, pluralist, constitutional, and socialist democracies can be found in use today.