Who introduced public interest litigation in India?

Who introduced public interest litigation in India?

Justice P. N. Bhagwati
Public interest litigation (PIL) refers to litigation undertaken to secure public interest and demonstrates the availability of justice to socially-disadvantaged parties and was introduced by Justice P. N. Bhagwati. It is a relaxation on the traditional rule of locus standi.

When was the first PIL case reported in India?

This case, Hussainara Khatoon v. State of Bihar (1979), became the first PIL to be heard. In 1980, the case of Sunil Batra v. Delhi Administration was taken up, in which an inmate of the Tihar jail sent a scribbled piece of paper to Justice Krishna Iyer, complaining about physical torture of prisoners in Tihar.

What is PIL cases in India?

Public interest litigation is a litigation which can be filed in any court of law by any public-spirited person for the protection of “public interest”. PILs have achieved a place of great importance in our legal system. In India, the first PIL was filed in the year 1976 – Mumbai Kamgar Sabha v.

What is the difference between PIL and Sal?

Also, unlike India, PIL in the United States sought to represent ”interests without groups” such as consumerism or environment. However, for our purposes, Social Action Litigation (SAL) and Public Interest Litigation (PIL) are synonymous. PIL, however, continues to be the popularly used term.

Who introduced PIL in 1980?

Senior Advocate Pushpa Kapila Hingorani had a mission that day in December — one that the Supreme Court had never heard of before and one which would eventually kick off a revolution called the Public Interest Litigation (PIL) across the country.

Which country introduced PIL?

The concept of Public Interest Litigation first originated in The United States of America in the mid-1980s. The phrase Public Interest Litigation (PIL) was first used by an American named Abraham Chayes.

Which was the first case of public interest litigation?

Union of India, wherein an unregistered association of workers was permitted to institute a writ petition under Article 32 of the Constitution for the redress of common grievances. The first reported case of PIL, in 1979, focused on the inhuman conditions of prisons and under trial prisoners.

What is the meaning PIL case?

Public interest litigation is the use of the law to advance human rights and equality, or raise issues of broad public concern. It helps advance the cause of minority or disadvantaged groups or individuals. Public interest cases may arise from both public and private law matters.

What is PIL case law?

Public interest litigation (PIL), in simple words is litigation for any public interest. Public interest litigation is a litigation which can be filed in any court of law by any public spirited person for the protection of “public interest”. PIL has achieved a place of great importance in our legal system.

What is difference between PIL and SLP?

Likewise, a Public Interest Litigation [PIL] can also be filed before the Supreme Court under Article 32 of the Constitution or before the High Court of a State under Article 226 of the Constitution. Special Leave petition [SLP] is also a constitutional remedy.

What does PIL mean?


Acronym Definition
PIL Patient Information Leaflet
PIL People in London (UK)
PIL Public Interest Litigation
PIL Public Image Ltd

Who introduced the concept of PIL?

The seeds of the concept of public interest litigation were initially sown in India by Justice Krishna Iyer, in 1976 in Mumbai Kamagar Sabha vs.

Why is Public Interest Litigation important in India?

Public interest litigation has historically been an innovative judicial procedure for enhancing the social and economic rights of disadvantaged and marginalized groups in India.

What does Public Interest Litigation ( PIL ) stand for?

Therefore, PIL is a proceeding in which an individual or group seeks relief in the interest of general public and not for its own purposes. PIL is a strategic arm of the legal aid movement and is intended to bring justice within the reach of poor masses.

What is the grievance in a public interest action?

The grievance in a public interest action, generally speaking, is about the content and conduct of government action in relation to the constitutional or statutory rights of segments of society …..”17

What is Section 2 of PIL in India?

Section two looks at PIL strategies for increasing popular participation and liberalizing judicial access through its expansion of the locus standi rule.