What is episodic memory impairment?

What is episodic memory impairment?

Episodic memory is the ability to recall personal experiences from one’s life and involves a series of steps, which include encoding, consolidation, and retrieval. Anterograde amnesia is the inability to form new episodic memories. Retrograde amnesia is the inability to access episodic memories from the past.

What does episodic memory mean in psychology?

Episodic memory is defined as the ability to recall and mentally reexperience specific episodes from one’s personal past and is contrasted with semantic memory that includes memory for generic, context-free knowledge. From: Advances in Child Development and Behavior, 2011.

What is a episodic memory example?

Episodic memory is a category of long-term memory that involves the recollection of specific events, situations, and experiences. Your memories of your first day of school, your first kiss, attending a friend’s birthday party, and your brother’s graduation are all examples of episodic memories.

What are different types of episodic memory?

Individuals may have different types of episodic memories as follows:

  • Specific Events.
  • General Events.
  • Personal Facts.
  • Flashbulb Memories.
  • Flashbulb Memory Long-Term Memory Semantic Memory Declarative Memory Implicit vs Explicit Memory.

What can affect episodic memory?

Episodic memory can be affected by trauma, hydrocephalus, tumors, metabolic conditions such as Vitamin B1 deficiency, and neurological diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease.

How do you assess episodic memory?

A common way to assess episodic memory abilities is by using neuropsychological tests, including pen-and-paper, verbal and computer-based tasks. These measures give a clinician an objective method for evaluating how well a patient’s episodic memory is functioning compared to their peers.

What are the key components of episodic memory?

This study investigated the development of all 3 components of episodic memory (EM), as defined by Tul- ving, namely, core factual content, spatial context, and temporal context.

What causes poor episodic memory?

Impairments in episodic memory function are observed in individuals with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI), in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s Disease (AD), Huntington’s Disease (HD), and Parkinson’s Disease (PD) and also in a number of psychiatric diseases including Schizophrenia, Major Depression (MD).

Is episodic memory uniquely human?

Episodic memory is a recently evolved, late developing, and early deteriorating brain/mind (neurocognitive) memory system. It is oriented to the past, more vulnerable than other memory systems to neuronal dysfunction, and probably unique to humans.

Is episodic memory part of declarative memory?

Episodic memory is a form of memory which allows someone to recall events of personal importance. Together with semantic memory, it makes up the declarative section of the long term memory, the part of memory concerned with facts and information, sort of like an encyclopedia in the brain.

What are the types of memory in psychology?

The two main types of memory are short-term memory and long-term memory; however, short-term memory has become better understood to be working memory. Cognitive psychologists often study memory in terms of working memory.

How is episodic and semantic memory different?

Episodic memory involves remembering past events , whereas semantic memory involves knowing things. A person using episodic memory remembers particular past events, and experiences a part of those things as he/she remembers them, i.e. he/she relives the events.